“grimace scale” is a four-in-one poem.
The visuals are from Juan Martinez's research on developing experimental painkillers for abdominal surgery recovery. Each segment of the cell is represented by a different colour: artificial structures called vesicles are red, membranes are green, and nuclei are blue. When superimposed, the images show how vesicles attach to cells.
Three experimental poems were written to mimic this process of breaking up an image, using words that explore the ethics of nano-painkillers. Just like parts of a cell or a sentence, they can be viewed apart or together. The title of the final poem refers to how scientists assess pain in subjects during animal testing.
Image credits: Juan Martinez